長庚科技大學-自強復膝(膝關節居家運動輔助器)

隨著平均餘命的增長,關節使用的頻繁,使得病患常於老年期罹患關節炎或嚴重傷害造成膝關節受損,衍生疼痛與行走困難之相關問題,一開始常以非手術治療的方式,如藥物、輔具或傳統療法,直到疼痛情況無緩解或持續惡化時,就必須接受全人工膝關節置換手術。

研究者於醫院實習中,發現接受全人工膝關節置換術後最主要的的復健運動為漸進式增加膝關節活動度與股四頭肌運動,故在術後住院約5天期間,醫院提供連續性關節活動儀(CPM)協助個案復健,出院返家後,個案常受到居家環境的限制及沒有合適的復健輔具,導致膝關節復健的動作不確實及復健時間不足,影響術後成效。本作品主要整合現況下的膝關節復健器材缺點,提升人工膝關節置換手術術後返家的自我復健動機及方便性,增加膝關節活動度與股四頭肌之肌肉力量,進而提升個案接受全人工膝關節置換術後之成效。

自強復膝-膝關節居家運動輔助器主要協助個案進行膝關節活動與股四頭肌運動,提供可拆式的腳掌穿戴鞋,鞋面以魔鬼氈固定於個案腳掌,鞋底裝上可拆式輪子,在鞋底前三分之一加上收拉彈性帶,此彈性帶亦為可拆式,兩端加上把手以利使用者握取及施力,配合練習定位板,板上標示綠、黃、紅三區,區分復健時膝關節活動的角度,綠色區域代表30度、黃色區域代表90度、紅色區域代表130度,幫助個案了解復健進度,增加復健動機。亦可透過拉繩,將患肢平舉,行伸直抬腿之股四頭肌運動。當個案臥床時,易可將練習定位板貼於床緣牆壁,讓個案在床上亦可穿上滑板,執行伸直抬腿之股四頭肌運動。透過本產品之研發,期能提升全人工膝關節置換術術後個案恢復活動之功能,進而增進個案之生活品質。

 

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產品圖

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產品加練習定位版

 

應用範圍

可應用的產品或商品:復健器材

可應用的產業市場:本作品主要整合現況下的膝關節復健器材缺點,提升人工膝關節置換手術術後返家的自我復健動機及方便性,增加膝關節活動度與股四頭肌之肌肉力量,進而提升個案接受全人工膝關節置換術後之成效。本產品亦可用於需要強化下肢肌力的個案。

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